Hygiene, health and well-being rules that every pregnant woman should know (2/2)
These are small breaks in the elastic tissue of the epidermis. They appear where the skin is most stressed, that is, on the belly, breasts, buttocks and thighs.Updated on October 22, 2020, Soukeyna
... read part one.
Discharge from the nipple
Perhaps you already have some colostrum, small golden yellow drops. Invest in small breastfeeding and round cotton, it's practical, and it avoids changing your T-shirt 3 times a day!
Cramps and tingling
These are very common disorders that are caused by the compression of the nerves, due to edema and are sometimes improved by magnesium and vitamin B. These tingles appear in the hands and feet. You can also have pain in the palms of the hands which go up in the forearms (it is the carpal tunnel syndrome ...). You may have the impression of having difficulty taking objects, of having numb hands.
They are frequent. These itches are located mainly on the belly area; they are due to stretching and dryness of the skin. The only remedy is to try to hydrate the skin as regularly as possible.
Food tastes and cravings
Between legend and reality, the desires are frequent. Giving in too easily can put you on the slope of excessive weight gain. Food disgust is also common, as is disgust for odors. There may be things or smells that you will never be able to accept again, often it remains related to pregnancy, and then everything comes back to normal...
Lower back pain
These pains are extremely frequent and very easy to understand. Weight gain and a change in the center of gravity for the body cause changes in the spine.
It is obviously necessary to avoid standing for a long time, resting your back as often as possible, moving the pelvis back and forth does a lot of good. Sleep lying on your side, placing a pillow under your belly, so that your whole body is aligned (pillow under the belly, and also under the leg which does not rest on the mattress ...) Avoid taking a posture that requires too much camber on your back ... There is no point in taking medication and the most effective is the physiotherapy sessions that may be prescribed by your gynecologist.
It is a real pleasure to feel your baby moving, especially the first weeks ... However, as the pregnancy progresses, and especially in the last weeks, it takes more and more space, and its movements of feathers from the beginning, can become real blows, and when they go towards the stomach or the ribs, it is no longer really a pleasure ... By small caresses, or by pushing it gently, you can ask your baby to move his foot or buttocks so that they no longer press on painful areas!
It is relatively constant throughout pregnancy, but its major expression is during the first trimester. Your body has to adapt, and especially the rapid development of the baby and the placenta takes you incredible energy.
During the second trimester you experience a period of respite, then in the 3rd trimester, it starts again, but for other reasons: now, it is the quality of your sleep that changes: you may have difficulty falling asleep, sleeplessness, nightmares, which make your nights quite difficult.
During your first trimester, do not fight against sleep, even if it forces you to go to bed much earlier than usual. Your body needs replenishing energy, and slow sleep gives you the opportunity to replenish your reserves!
However, if you experience constant tiredness, even after taking rest, talk to your doctor; this may be an indication of anemia.
These are small breaks in the elastic tissue of the epidermis. They appear where the skin is most stressed, that is, on the belly, breasts, buttocks and thighs. They depend on the quality of the skin, the weight and the age of the future mother. And the more we advance in age, the more the risk of having stretch marks decreases! ...
In fact, apart from trying to gain as little weight as possible and hydrating the skin as much as possible, to give it more flexibility, there is not much that can be done. No cream has proven effective. You should know that not all skin types are created equal. Some women will get stretch marks, some won't. In any case, if you apply cream, it is important not to put it on the three days preceding a consultation because these creams can lead to poorer image quality on ultrasound.
They appear in the second part of pregnancy. They are due to the increase in blood mass which dilates the arteries and veins. This dilation causes a decrease in their tone, and causes a drop in blood pressure.
You can also find yourself in a situation of hypoglycemia much more easily than in normal times, always have a little something to snack on!
Avoid getting up too suddenly. Avoid overheated and overcrowded areas. Wear loose clothing that doesn't squeeze you.
When your head is spinning, lie down and raise your feet, or sit with your head between your knees.
From the second part of your pregnancy, you will experience regular small jolts; it is your baby who has hiccups. Seizures can be long ... and that's why sometimes it becomes embarrassing. These hiccups are due to the fact that your baby is exercising: he swallows amniotic fluid, and tests his swallowing reflexes, and from time to time, it goes a little wrong! There is nothing we can do about it, only your baby will be able to stop this crisis ... Take patience, and don't worry about the length of the crisis, your baby will not suffer from it.
High blood pressure
Hypertension can appear in the second half of pregnancy. It affects approximately 6% of pregnant women.
The main consequences of untreated hypertension are: being too small for the baby and a risk of premature delivery. Its appearance during pregnancy; therefore it requires complete rest. Apart from the almost compulsory rest, it is necessary to have a healthy diet, without too much fat, sugar and salt. It is not necessary to stop taking salt, but simply to monitor the amount.
Abdominal pain is extremely common, and yet terribly distressing, because it makes you fear the worst. So: know that as long as these pains are not accompanied by fever, blood loss, there is no reason to worry. They are characterized by sharp pain; an impression of stretching downwards, sometimes, one has the impression of a stab in the groin. They can last only a few seconds, as much as they can last several minutes. These pains are due to the stretching of the muscles and ligaments that support the uterus. The only solution for passing them is to lie down and rest.
Shortness of breath
From the last trimester of pregnancy, you may be short of breath much faster than before. The uterus rises more and more, and begins to press on the rib cage, and therefore on the lungs which can no longer expand to the maximum, and at the same time, your oxygen consumption increases by about 10 to 15% to provide for your baby's needs. It is best to avoid excessive physical efforts, and above all take the time for great inspirations. Lie down to clear the rib cage, and take big breaths of air.
In general, it is mainly stress incontinence: when you bend down, laugh or wear heavy things. It is essential to talk to your doctor; he will prescribe perineal reeducation sessions.
The more you advance in your pregnancy, the more difficult it becomes to fall asleep. After the hypersomnias of the first 3 months, you enter the second part of the pregnancy in a slightly more complicated period. The stomach is rounded and it becomes difficult to find an adequate position to sleep.
In general, it is advisable to lie down, either half seated, with cushions wedged in the back (position particularly recommended when you have a cold), or lying on your side with a pillow wedged under the belly, and another under the leg not resting on the mattress, so as to avoid shifting your body weight down. In this way, you will avoid having back pain.
At the end of pregnancy, you may be prone to nightmares. You may see imaginary disasters around childbirth and your baby's life. These dreams are part of building your maternal identity, in “photo negative.” They are the outlets of your inner fears, and ultimately it balances your emotions! Remain not to let you invade by the anguish which they cause.
Urinary tract infections
They are more common during pregnancy, caused by a certain dilation of the urinary tract and compression of the baby. They are searched for at each consultation by a rapid urine analysis. Report any burning sensation when urinating to the gynecologist. To avoid them, drink plenty of water, and avoid synthetic lingerie and tight clothing.
Mycosis is caused by the excessive development in the vagina of a fungus called Candida Albicans. Extremely common during pregnancy, also favored by antibiotics, yeast infections are a source of discomfort but are safe for the baby. They are usually manifested by itching and vulgar redness. They are very easy to treat using a local treatment (eggs and cream) that your gynecologist will prescribe. On the other hand, they sometimes have the annoying habit of reoffending.